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Tension Type Headache: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment _BEST_

Tension Type Headache: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Tension type headache (TTH) is the most common type of primary headache, affecting up to 80% of adults at some point in their lives. TTH is characterized by a dull, pressing pain on both sides of the head, often accompanied by tightness or pressure in the neck and shoulders. TTH can be episodic or chronic, depending on the frequency and duration of the attacks.

Tension Type Headache: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

The exact pathophysiology of TTH is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a complex interaction of genetic, environmental and psychological factors. Some of the possible mechanisms include:

  • Abnormal pain perception and processing in the brain and spinal cord

  • Increased muscle tension and sensitivity in the head and neck regions

  • Altered levels of neurotransmitters such as serotonin, dopamine and endorphins

  • Stress, anxiety, depression and other emotional factors

  • Lifestyle factors such as poor sleep quality, irregular meals, caffeine intake and dehydration